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Dark Green: Firm commitments from incumbent: BT (10M), Belgacom, Australian NBN, Swisscom,  Austria, Bezeq Israel, Chunghwa Taiwan, Telus Canada, Telekom South Africa, SK Korea, (U.S.) AT&T, Century, Frontier, Windstream, Belgium, Omantel

Mid Pink: Smaller carriers in Germany, Norway, Finland, Japan

Light Green: Incumbent likely:  France, Germany, Italy


Muscat's Internet be better than Verizon in Manhattan. Omantel began deploying fiber in 2015. Like Chunghwa and Net Cologne, they are now terminating that fiber in the basement and using the existing copper wires for Speeds today will be 500-800 megabits. Soon, perhaps next years, the 212 MHz chips will become available and offer something like 1.4 gigabits.
80% of Omanis are urban, many living in apartment buildings that are natural for The population is generally young and well-educated, with a majority going to college. 75% of the population use the Internet.

I don't have data for Oman, but neighboring Saudi Arabia "has the highest penetration of Twitter users in the world, and their per-capita consumption of YouTube is the highest in the world." 56% in the UAE have active social media accounts. The demand is there.

The company is under pressure to improve services. A third mobile operator will soon join Omantel and Ooredoo, increasing competition. The regulator is also pressing for a better Internet, as Oman builds an economy less dependent on dwindling oil revenues.

The press release contains the interesting tidbit, " sites can also serve up to 96 lines." Until recently,  Huawei's maximum was 16 ports. BT & Swisscom told me in Paris they have working 48 and 96 port units in the labs. I guessed they were Huawei despite no official confirmation.

Verizon can't deliver more than 3 megabit DSL to me, as they welched on their "All New York by 2014 fiber" promise.

 Photos by Jhong Dizon & Aravind Sivaraj

Huawei and Omantel to Deploy Middle East’s First


Omantel, the first and leading integrated telecommunications services provider in Oman, has abundant copper resources in its existing network. To meet growing subscriber demand for digital home services and high-definition video Omantel aims to reconstruct its live networks to achieve broadband acceleration. By 2020, the company plans to cover 90% of home subscribers in Muscat, Oman’s capital. In high-value areas it plans to provide 200 Mb/s to 1 Gb/s for high density buildings to provide users with higher bandwidth and an enhanced experience. Omantel is targeting a solution that provides faster access, faster deployment, and yields a faster return on investment.

Huawei proposed the E2E solution that employs optical line terminal (OLT), distributed point unit (DPU), and customer-premises equipment (CPE) to help Omantel meet its goals. Field tests show can achieve 800 Mb/s and 400 Mb/s at loops of 100m and 300m, respectively. This reflects much greater performance than ADSL2+ and VDSL2. Omantel will deploy in the basements of tall buildings, where the existing copper infrastructure, such as telephone lines, will be reused to deliver ultra-broadband access. This avoids the need for construction inside houses, which may involve drilling holes and open wiring, thus simplifying delivery, saving on cost, and reducing customer complaints. Large-capacity sites can also serve up to 96 lines, which significantly reduces per-subscriber cost.

In addition, Omantel will deploy the high-performance home gateway, which will provide subscribers with an improved experience for voice, data, video services, and dual-band gigabit Wi-Fi services.

" technology brings copper access into the gigabit era by delivering fiber-like speeds, which makes it possible for us to improve the experience for more customers using old copper lines and thus making the most of our existing copper network," said bin Abdullah Al Ajmi, VP Operations at Omantel.

"We look forward to continuing the partnership with Omantel through the commercial deployment,” said Leo Hong, Huawei’s Oman CEO. “Huawei’s investment and innovation in the end-to-end large capacity solution will significantly help Omantel accelerate the rollout of ultrafast broadband and achieve business success.".

Copper is an important infrastructure for fixed network operators and technology unleashes copper’s potential, helping operators make the most of existing resources to speed up ultra-broadband network deployment. Huawei, as the leading fixed access network solution provider, is committed to providing operators with future-oriented ultra broadband solutions. Huawei has made significant contributions to the formulation of the standards. After a multi-year R&D investment and cooperation with top industry players, Huawei has begun to release a series of products. These products support the industry's largest service capacity, smart and secure reversed power over Ethernet (PoE), remote power supply (RPS), as well as IP68 protection. To date, Huawei and more than 20 operators have carried out deployment and tests. has also been commercially deployed in counties such as UK, Switzerland, Germany, and Canada.

The Site for gfast 230 News

I’m still working through remarkable presentations from the Broadband Forum events. Michael Weissman, Bernd Hesse and team did a remarkable job choosing the speakers.

Deutsche Telecom: 35b Supervectoring Delayed to 2019
Broadcom is now over 3 years late. DT briefed German reporters after their financial call and revealed 35b was now delayed until 2019. 35b should deliver 200+ meg downloads 500-600 meters, a crucial tool for DT, which is losing share to cable. Cable now covers about 70% of Germany and is expanding. DT now only offers 50-100 megabit DSL while cable is often 400 megabits, going to a gigabit. 

The problem is software; the hardware is shipping and supposedly will work. DT says 35b is not ready to turn on. Broadcom in 2015 said 35b was in "production" in the press release below. Alcatel in early 2016 said to expect complete systems very soon. "35g is very similar to 17a so there should be little delay."

Broadcom's problems are leading major telcos and vendors to have a plan B, using Sckipio DT itself is planning extensive deployments in 2019, mostly in apartment buildings.

Gigabit 100 Meters - Unless the Wires are Lousy
Speeds are fine, "Unless there's a line problem." I've been reporting for three years that ~10% of lines have problems. In the chart by Rami Verbin of Sckipio, he finds goes ~130 meters on good lines. Poor lines have about half the reach. 

His chart roughly matches the reports from Swisscom, Belgacom, and England for both & vectored DSL. The 10% with problems can cause the majority of the line-related complaints to support. The angry customers drive up cost.

Rami's solution to reach the gigabit is bonding, supported on the Sckipio chips. Verbin made some additional points:

  • 4 gigabits is possible by bonding two decent 2 gigabit lines.
  • Even in a service from remote cabinets, ~25% are close enough to get a full gigabit."
  • cDTA and iDTA are practical ways to deliver much higher upstream by switching some bandwidth from downstream to upstream only when needed.
  • 35B will probably be similar but Deutsche Telecom doesn't expect to deploy until 2019.

AT&T Wants Coax 2-5 Gigabit Very Soon.
AT&T faces intense competition from cable, talking about 10 gigabits in both directions. (Cable will only be 1 gig down, ~100 meg up, until ~2021.) AT&T wants something to brag about as well.

AT&T gained millions of lines of coax as part of the DirecTV deal. Alcatel and Huawei are leading the development of G.mgfast. That uses 424 MHz, full duplex, to achieve ~2.5 gigabits in both directions. The reach on telco twisted pair is only about 30 meters. On coax, those speeds can probably extend far enough to service most apartment buildings. Using 848 MHz, speeds can reach 5 gigabits. The ITU standards group has been aiming for 2019-2020 for G.mgfast, too slow for AT&T's marketers. David Titus wants a high-speed standard for coax "early in 2018." He believes that is "doable."

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